Water Basics

Drilling the Well
Once you have all your permits and conducted a site survey, the drilling process can begin. Wells can take a day or more to drill, depending on the depth needed to hit the water table.

Some wells are as little as 100ft deep, while others go to depths of 400 feet or more. Casing is placed at top of the well to prevent the collapse of the borehole walls and helps keep surface or subsurface contaminants from entering the water supply.

Selecting the right pump
After your well has been drilled and a trench is dug to connect the well to your house, a well pump is selected that will raise water from the well and deliver it to a storage tank in the home, where it is held under pressure until needed.

Selecting the well pump is a critical step in this process, determined by the yield of the well and the needs of the household. The general rule is to never install a pump that has a greater capacity than your well.

Maintaining Your Well
Wells can provide drinking water of the highest quality. Owning a well also comes with the responsibility of keeping the water well in good working order.

Why Is a Checkup Important?

A properly constructed and maintained household-supply well will provide you with many years of quality service.

The National Ground Water Association recommends routine annual maintenance checks to ensure the proper operation of the well and prolong its years of service, as well as monitor the water quality.

Routine Maintenance


  • Have a flow test to determine system output, along with a check of the water level before and during pumping (if possible), pump motor performance (check amp load, grounding, and line voltage), pressure tank and pressure switch contact, and general water quality (odor, cloudiness, etc.)

  • Occasionally test your water for coliform bacteria and nitrates, and anything else of local concern. Other typical additional tests are those for iron, manganese, water hardness, sulfides, and other water constituents that cause problems with plumbing, staining, water appearance, and odor.

  • Keep hazardous chemicals, such as paint, fertilizer, pesticides, and motor oil far away from your well, and maintain a "clean" zone of at least 50 feet (15.24 meters) between your well and any kennels or livestock operations. Also, always maintain proper separation between your well and buildings, waste systems, or chemical storage areas. Your professional water well contractor is familiar with the applicable local codes.

  • Periodically check the well cover or well cap on top of the casing (well) to ensure it is in good repair and securely attached. Its seal should keep out insects and rodents.

  • Keep your well records in a safe place. These include the construction report, and annual water well system maintenance and water testing results.

  • Get your water tested anytime there is a change in taste, odor or appearance, or anytime the system is serviced.



Forty-seven percent of the U.S. population depends on ground water for its drinking water supply. However, few know how the water gets from the ground into the home.


We believe that it is our responsibility to help you protect your investment by providing the information you need to maintain your well for years to come.


Preparing to drill a well | VIDEO
Testing your well | VIDEO
Well Protection | VIDEO
Bedford Well Drilling
701 Industrial Ave.
Bedford, VA 24523
(540) 586-1449