One of the best things a water well owner can regularly do is visually check the wellhead and the area surrounding it. If you aren’t familiar with the term wellhead, it is the portion of the well that that sticks above the surface, typically has a visible cap on it which often has the name of the company that drilled the well.

By routinely checking the wellhead, you may detect potential issues before they become problems that jeopardize your water quality.

Here are five things to look for when checking your well.


Check the general condition of the casing (pipe protruding from the ground). Make sure it extends at least 12 inches above the ground. If not, contact Bedford Well Drilling to investigate and recommend remedial action.

Check the condition of the cap and any seals present, that it is securely attached, and that it will keep out insects and rodents. If not, hire a qualified professional to repair or replace the well cap. In doing so, the water well systems professional can evaluate other considerations for the condition of the well. A compromised wellhead (cap) may allow entry for ants, bees, spiders, earwigs, etc.


Inspect electrical conduit and look to visually verify that all connections are secure. If not, hire a qualified professional to investigate and repair or replace as needed.  Rodents can sometimes chew on wiring near the wellhead if not properly insulated and protected.



Survey the area above ground surrounding the well for potential sources of contamination, flooding, and physical dangers. Look for chemicals such as paint, fertilizer, pesticides, or motor oil—remove these if possible.

Maintain at least 50 feet between the well and any kennels, pastures, feeding areas, or livestock operations—remove these if possible.

The well should not be in a roadway or driveway. If it is within close proximity to a roadway or driveway, it should be properly marked to avoid being hit by vehicles. You can protect your well by placing bumper posts near the well’s vulnerable positions to increase visibility.

CLICK HERE to download a tip sheet on Simple Fixes For Wellheads